Fr. Tim Peters Catholic Bible Study - The Gospel of John
Fr. Tim Peters is a Catholic diocesan priest in Orange County, CA. One of the 12 Peters children, he received his doctorate from the Angelicum University in Rome.
He teaches Biblical Theology as well as the biblical languages at St. John's Seminary in California and assists at St. Joachim's Church in Costa Mesa, CA.
We are proud to present his free video biblical study on the Gospel of St. John. Please feel free to use this bible study in your home, with a church group, or in any type of church setting. This is free for everyone. We'd like as many people to join in with this bible study as possible, so please link back to it if you have a website, or share it via facebook, twitter, instagram and other social media.
Fr. Tim uses the RSV Bible in his study and recommends you have a copy handy while you follow along this free bible study.
John, Chapter 1 (40 Minute Video)
John chapter 1– This study will cover the following:
1.The Prologue in John’s Gospel presents a summary of the entire Gospel (vv. 1–18).
a.John 1:1––‘In the Beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God.’ The first sentence in the Prologue takes us back to Genesis, ‘In the Beginning;’ yet John wants us to see the entire work of creation through the person of Christ. Moreover, John tells us that Christ (The eternal Word) is God.
b.John 1:14––‘And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us and we beheld His glory…’ Thus, all of history was forever changed. The humbling act when the Word became flesh is known as the ‘incarnation,’ the moment when God entered the world. The incarnation is a monumental moment is salvation history, not just on earth, but in heaven as well! God dwelt with His people––This recalls the Tabernacle in the desert, the portable shrine that God commanded His people to build so the He could dwell with them and manifest His glory.
2.John 1:29–– The next (2nd) day––John the Baptists says–‘Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the Word’ John wants to demonstrate that Jesus is the true Passover Lamb.
3.John 1:35––The next (3rd) day––John the Baptist says––‘Behold the Lamb of God’
4.John 1:43––The next (4th) day––Philip says ‘we have found the One about whom Moses wrote…” Nathaniel responds––‘Can anything good come out of Nazareth.’
John, Chapter 2 (44 Minute Video)
John Chapter 2- This study will cover the following:
––On the Third day (7th day) there was a wedding feast in Cana in Galilee and the Mother of Jesus was there.
1.John 2:3––‘Woman… my hour has not yet come.’ The word ‘Woman’ in Greek (gune) is actually respectful! We must be careful not to read the bible according to our own cultural bias. In addition the phrase ‘my hour has not yet come’ is developed throughout John’s Gospel, referring to the Hour when He would glorify His Father. At the Cross Jesus will address the same ‘woman’––Mary, the New Eve, and He will tell his beloved disciple––‘behold your mother.’
2.John 2:10––The First Sign––of Seven Sings––Jesus changes water into the best wine. Wine was a symbol of Joy, but especially a symbol of covenant renewal. Hence, ‘new wine’ even had a special name [Hebr. tirosh], and was associated with covenant renewal (see Hos 2:18–25)—Accordingly, Jesus uses the metaphor of new wine and new wineskins to speak about the New and Eternal Covenant (Matt 9:38; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:38).
3.John 2:13–23––The Cleansing of the temple. “What sign can you show us??? Jesus responded, 'Destroy this Temple and in three days I will raise it up.’ Moses worked signs for the people of Israel, thus they understood that he was a prophet (Cf. Exod 3–5). Other prophets like Elijah and Elisha also worked signs which demonstrated that they were true prophets.
John, Chapter 3 (60 Minute Video)
John Chapter 3 – This study will cover the following
1.3:1–16––One must be born from ‘above’ (Greek - anothen=above/again). What does Jesus mean when He says that we must be ‘born from above’ and why does He speak of being born of ‘water and Spirit?’
2.John 3:14––Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness so must the Son of man be lifted up.’ (See also John 8:28; 12:32, 34) here ‘lifted up’ refers to Jesus being lifted up on the cross.
3.John 3:17–19––Light, darkness and Judgment – John explains that the true children of the Lord, those that are born from above and they will reject the works of darkness and chose to walk in the light.
John, Chapter 4 (40 Minute Video)
John Chapter 4 –– This study will cover the following:
1.4:1–45–Jesus meets the Samaritan women while sitting at a well (similar to Moses in Exod 2:15–22). Jesus speaks with the Samaritan women about ‘Living Water’ and ‘True Worshipers.’
2.The necessary place of the Holy Spirit in our lives.
3.The response of the Samaritan woman as a model of discipleship.
4.The importance of wells as places where the patriarchs encountered their brides.
5.John 4:46–54––The 2nd Sign––The Healing of the royal officials son at Cana.
John, Chapter 5 (43 Minute Video)
John Chapter 5 –– This study will cover the following:
1.5:1–18––The 3rd Sign––The cure on the Sabbath––‘Rise, take up your mat and walk.’
2.The importance and purpose of the Sabbath.
3.Honoring the Son as one honors the Father
4.The resurrection of the dead.
5.Judgement and eternal life.
John, Chapter 6 Part 1 (35 Minute Video)
John chapter 6 –– Part I –– This study will cover the following:
1.John 6:1–15––The 4th Sign––Jesus multiplies the Loaves and feeds thousands. This recalls other multiplication miracles.
a.The Manna (Exod 16).
b.Elijah (1 Kgs 17).
c.Elisha (2 Kgs 4).
2.John 6:16–24––The 5th Sign––Jesus walks on water––The boat arrives at its destination when they desire to take him into the boat…when we desire to receive Him our journey is complete.
3.John 6:22–31 ––Questions related to Moses and the Manna.
John, Chapter 6 Part 2 (33 Minute Video)
John Chapter 6–– Part II– This study will cover the following:
1.In John 6:35–58––The 1st “I Am” Statement––I am the Bread of Life––vv. 53–58–– Jesus emphasizes the importance of eating His flesh and drinking His blood––using two verbs different verbs for ‘eating.’
2.John 6:31–35––The Bread of Life Discourse––The crowd seeks the bread that perishes. They ask Jesus for a sign thinking of the manna which their ancestors ate in the desert. However, this desire for Manna-is the context from which the Bread of Life discourse begins.
3.The Father’s gift.
4.John 6:51–53- Jesus emphasizes that we must eat His flesh and drink His blood.
5.John 6:54–58––Jesus changes uses a more descriptive Greek verb [trogo] in order to emphasize His point.
6.John 6:59–72– The importance of the Spirit.
7.John 6:59–71––Many of Jesus’ disciples (other than the twelve) began to abandon Him after the Bread of Life Discourse. Peter replies ‘where will we go, you have the words of eternal life.’ Some of Jesus’ disciples walk away finding His teaching too difficult.
8.Peter’s response is a model for those who wish to follow Christ faithfully. Sometimes we don’t have all the answers but we must simply trust that our Lord will help us to grow in our ability to understand.
John, Chapter 7 (25 Minute Video)
John Chapter 7 –– This study will cover the following:
1.John 7:1–52––The Feast of Tabernacles––‘Rivers of Living water will flow from within him’––The feast of Tabernacles celebrated the desert journey—when water flowed from the rock (Exod 17). It also commemorated the fact that God dwelt in the midst of His people during their desert Journey.
2.His hour had not yet come, the importance of the ‘hour.’
3.Living water – from Eden (Gen 2), to the Rock in the Garden (Exod 17), to Ezekiel’s vision of the new temple (Ezek 47).
John, Chapter 8 (44 Minute Video) John Chapter 8 –– This study will cover the following:
1.John 8:1–12––The women caught in adultery–– ‘Let the one without sin cast the first stone.’ Jesus demonstrates that His desire is that we receive His forgiveness. Why did Jesus write on the ground with His finger? Why did Jesus ask the woman, ‘where are your accusers?’
2.The significance of Jesus’ words ‘go, and sin no more.’
3.John 8:12––The 2nd “I Am” Statement––I am the Light of the World.–––Jesus the Light of the world.
4.The Great ‘I am’ –– Understand the importance of the three ‘I am’ statements in John 8:24, 28 and 58.
5.If you do not believe that “I am” you will die in your sins….before Abraham came to be “I Am” (vv. 24, 58).
6.They picked up stones – Demonstrating that they understood Jesus’ words.
We will soon bring the rest of the chapters to John's Gospel.
Fr. Tim is also working on a bible study of the book of Exodus.